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河南专升本重点语法知识归纳总结

2018-05-29 09:08:45 http://www.yeluzsb.com 来源:
下面耶鲁专升本小编就将河南专升本重点语法知识全部总结出来,希望19 20届升本的童鞋能够好好记忆一下,为考试做好准备部分做好充分准备。
  很多同学反映说,河南专升本的英语虽然在初高中的时候都学过,可是复习专升本的时候单词都会,句子也能看得懂,但是一遇到语法题就经常出错,下面耶鲁专升本小编就将河南专升本重点语法知识全部总结出来,希望19/20届升本的童鞋能够好好记忆一下,为考试做好准备部分做好充分准备。

  一、动词时态及语态题(特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时, 客观真理要用一般现在时等)

  1、Themanager told us that this factory was built in 1958.2、By the time we got there, the play had already begun.

  3、When I wasa child, I knew that the earth turnsabout its axis.

  4、WhenMr.Delay got home after a day's exhausting work, his wife and children were sleeping.

  二、非谓语动词题(特别是现在分词与过时分词的区别, 大家一定要弄明白主动与被动这对最最重要的区别)

  1、The filmshowed last night was very moving. (不用moved, 大家别忘了-ed形容词和-ing形容词的区别)

  2、Havingfinishing his lecture, the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

  3、Theproblem being discussed is very important.

  4、Given moretime, we are sure to finish it.

  5、Will youplease make yourself known to everyone here

  三、It作形式主语及形式宾语题(这也是一个常考点, it本身是没有意思的, 注意it还可以指时间, 天气等。)

  1、It isdifficult to study English well.

  2、We thinkit is important to pass the exam.

  四、强调句型(大家要记住的是itis (was)……。that…。, 如果前面是it is/was 后面往往选用that,当然强调人的时候也可用who)

  1、It was atan evening party that I first saw her.

  2、It is whatyou will do that is important.

  3、When wasit that he bought a new car

  五、倒装句型

  全部倒装句(这种全部倒装题历年只考过一次,考得最多的是部分倒装)

  1、Stoptalking! There comes the teacher.

  部分倒装句(如果选项里面有两个主谓倒装了,两个没有, 我们一般要在倒装里做选择)

  1、So badlywas he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

  2、Not onlydoes he study well, but also he isalways ready to help others.

  3、Mary hasdone well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam.

  六、从句中选择关系词题(重点在定语从句, because,since, now that,as....for; so…that…,such… that…)

  1、It was inso friendly a way that he talked with us.

  2、Oct.15, 2005is a day when we will take our English examination.

  3、We want tobuy the same book as you are reading.

  4、The sunheats the earth, which is very important to living things.

  七、虚拟语气(要记住与现在, 过去, 将来相反的三种情况, 特别是与过去相反的情况最常考,再有就是wish,as if 后面所接的三种情况, 还有一个常考点在suggest, demand, require, order等表示建议, 要求, 命令的词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should)+动词原形, 如果是被动则用(should +be +动词过去分词)

  1、I wouldhave done it better if I had had more time.

  2、I wish youwould go with us tomorrow.

  3、I suggestthat we (should )adopt a different policy.

  4、Had it notbeen for your help, we would never havebeen able to get over the difficulties.

  八、情态动词题(除了掌握常见情态动词基本用法外, 常考点在三种表推测的情况, 分别为must表对现在事情的肯定推测 , can't表对现在事实的否定推测, must have+v-ed表示对过去事实的肯定推测, 而则表示过去应该做某事而没有做)

  1、The groundis so wet, it must have rained last night.

  2、She mustbe a doctor, I think.

  3、I shouldhave called you last week, but I was too busy then.

  九、几组形容词及副词区别题(注意比较级、最高级、倍数表达;likely, possible, probable; worth, worthy; too much, much too; already, yet等)

  1、His booksare three time as many as my books.

  2、The Nileriver is the longest river in the world.

  3、It is muchtoo hot tonight.

  4、The harderhe worked, the happier he felt.

  十、主谓一致题(往往出题者都是考谓语动词选单数这种情况, 如each, every, everyone这样的词作主语以及Mary, like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题)

  1、The moralof the officers and crew was very high.

  2、Each boyand each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

  3、Neitherthe quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原则)

  十一、动词及动词词组区别题(常考的有raise, rise,arise, arose; spend, cost, take, pay, afford; wound, injure, hurt, damage; find,find out, discover, invent; hit, strike, ring, beat; tell, say, speak, talk;join, join in, take part in等以及我所讲过的动词短语)

  1、Can youtell the difference between these two words

  2、He joinedthe army three years ago.

  十二、主句用将来时, 从句则用一般现在时(或现在完成时)表将来题

  1、They willleave the classroom when they have finished writing.

  2、We willstart to work as soon as our teacher comes.

  十三、名词所有格以及名词后面有限定时则该名词前一定要加定冠词the题(名词的格有以下两种情况, Tom’s book, 以及 the books of our school, 特别是用of表示的所有格我们一定要习惯这种表达)

  1、Beijing isthe capital of China.

  2、He can'thave the experience of all of the world.

  十四、常用介词区别题(如on, in, except besides, within, without, through等)

  1、You shouldwrite in ink not with your pencil.

  2、He pulledher into the train by the arm.

  3、by bus/train/air...on foot, on the farm, in the morning/afternoon/evening, at night/noon

  十五、常考代词题(常考的有other, others,another, the other; sometimes, some time, sometime; that, which; that, what, either,neither, or; too, also, either; many, much, a great deal of, a great number of,a great amount of; a few, few, little, a little; as long as, as far as; so longas, so far as )

  1、That youdon't like him is none of my business.

  2、Theweather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.

  3、He must bea worker. I think so.

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