To us it seems so natural to put up an umbrella to keep the water off when it rains.But actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain. It was first used as a shade against the sun.
Nobody knows who first invented it,but the umbrella was used in very ancient times. Probably the first to use it were the Chinese,way back in the eleventh century B.C.
We know that the umbrella was also used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade.And there was a strange thing connected with its use;it became a symbol of honor and authority. In the Far East in ancient times,the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royal people or by those in high office.
In Europe,the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the umbrella was in common use in ancient Greece.But it is believed that the first persons in Europe to use the umbrellas as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.
During the Middle Ages,the use of the umbrella practically disappeared.Then it appeared again in Italy in the 16th century. And again it became a symbol of power and authority.
Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time,though they have become much lighter in weight. It wasn't until the twentieth century that women's umbrellas began to be made in a variety of colors.
66.The first use of umbrella was as .
A.protection against rain B.a shade against the sun
C.a symbol of power D.a symbol of honor
67. were regarded as the people who first used umbrellas.
A.Romans B.Greeks C.Chinese D.Europeans
68.The umbrella was used only by royal people or those in high office .
A.in European in the eighteenth century
B.in ancient Egypt and Babylon
C.in the Far East in ancient times
D.during the Middle Ages
69.According to the passage,which of the following is NOT true?
A.Women enjoy using umbrella with various kinds of colors.
B.The inventor of the umbrella is unknown.
C.Once ordinary people had no right to use umbrellas.
D.Umbrellas were popular and cheap in the ancient times.
70.Which of the following may be the best title for the passage .
A.When Was the Umbrella Invented
B.The Role of Umbrella in History
C.The Colors and Shapes of Umbrella
D.Who Needed Umbrella First
【精析】事实细节题。答案在文章第一段第三句:"It was first used as a shade against the sun.”(它(伞)最初是用来遮阳的。)
【精析】事实细节题。答案在第二段最后一句:“Probably the first to use it were the Chinese. . . "(可能最先使用它(伞)的是中国人……)
【精析】事实细节题。答案在第三段的最后一句:"In the Far Fast in:ancient times，the umbrella was allowed to be used only娇royal people or by those in high office: "(在古代远东地区，只有高官贵族才能用伞。)
【精析】推理判断题。文章第三段提到:" the umbrella was alsb used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade.…it became a symbol of honor and authority. In the Far East in ancient times,the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royal people or by those in High office.”这说明伞在古埃及和巴比伦是荣誉和权力的象征，在古代远东地区，只有皇家和高官才能使用。而选项D说“伞在古代很流行而且便宜”，显然与文章内容不符。
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