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公共英语写作1

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1. 主动语态与被动语态的转换
  【经典例题】Many workers built this factory in 2001. This factory ___ ____ by many workers in 2001.
  【名师精解】本题的正确答案为:was built.正确解题的关键是被动语态的构成(built??be built)和过去时态(be动词要用was,与原句的built对应)。
  2. 直接引语与间接引语的转换
  【经典例题】He asked me,"Where are you going?"
  He asked me____ ____ ____ ____.
  【名师精解】本题的正确答案为:where I was going.在本题中需要注意的是人称的变化(you——I)和特殊疑问句中语序(are you——I was)的变化,考生要兼顾,避免因顾此失彼造成的失分。
  3.There be句型的变换
  【经典例题】The room is empty. There is___ in the room.
  【名师精解】本题的正确答案为:nothing.考生需要正确理解原句的意义,然后用there be 句型正确地表达出来。
  4.It引导的形式主语句子与其他句型的转换
  【经典例题】He spent 4 hours in doing his homework yesterday. It took him 4 hours____ _____ his homework yesterday.
  【名师精解】本题的正确答案是:to do.本题考查的句型是It take s[B] some time to do sth……它表达的意思可以用spent ,cost 等词表达。
  5.一些习惯用法的不同表示法
  【经典例题】They have studied English for 20 years. They began to study English ____ ____ ____.
  【经典例题】He went to the class at 9 o'clock. He didn't go to the class_____ 9 o'clock.
  【名师精解】正确答案是:5. 20 years ago 6.until. 前一道小题考查的是“20年前”的表达方式,用完成时和过去时两种不同的时态表达同一个意思。后一道小题考查的是时间的常用表达方式,考查 not until 句型的用法。
  6.词或词组间的互换
  【经典例题】He spent 20 dollars buying this book. He____20 dollars_____ this book.
  【经典例题】She does well in English. She is ___ ____ ____English.
  【名师精解】正确答案是:7.paid……for 8.good at.前一道小题考查的是“花费金钱或时间买东西或做事情”的表达方法,这是一个出现频率极高的考点,比如【经典例题6】同样也是同一考点,考生要给予足够的重视;后一道小题考查的是“擅长……”的表达方式,考查be good at 这一句型的用法。
  7.句子与词组间的互换
  【经典例题】We're always busy with our work. We seldom have____ _____ .
  【经典例题】The boy is very young. The boy can't understand it. The boy is___ young ____understand it.
  【名师精解】正确答案是:9.free/spare time 10.too……to.前一道考题考查的是关于“忙”的表达方式。后一道小题考查的是对于too……to句型的掌握。too……to是一个重点句型,也必然是考查的重点。
  8. 反义词
  【经典例题】Don't forget to bring your book! _____to bring your book!
  【经典例题】My mother is not in/at home. My mother is____.
  【名师精解】这两道小题的正确答案是:11.Remember 12.out.前一道小题是考查动词的反义词,后一道小题是考查形容词的反义词。
  9.形容词、副词比较级等基本句型的转换
  【经典例题】I don't think maths is as interesting as English. I think maths is ___ ___ ____English!
  【经典例题】Of all the boys in the class, John runs the fastest. John runs____ _____ any other boy in the class.
  【名师精解】这两道小题的正确答案是:less interesting than 和.faster than.这两道小题考查的都是表达比较意义的句型之间的转换。考生在复习时,不应该拘泥于两个句型之间的转换,而应努力做到灵活掌握、触类旁通,把各个句型的用法特点弄清楚,这样无论什么样的转换都不会困难。
  10. 词形的派生
  【经典例题】The teacher told us to be careful when we did our exam. The teache

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